Dr. James’ research focus includes the interaction between physical stressors (such as sleep related fatigue), law, policy, training and practice relating to operational performance for military and law enforcement personnel. He strives to better understand the dynamics of performance in a wide variety of policing tasks; driving, citizen encounters, crisis intervention, and deadly force encounters. Dr. James uses neurophysiological measurements and simulation technology to evaluate training and performance of military and law enforcement personnel. This research will lead to more effective, and more cost effective, training and greater public safety. Prior to becoming an academic, Dr. James served in the British military as an infantry soldier and officer.